WUPPERTAL, city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany; formed by the amalgamation of Elberfeld, Barmen, and other towns in 1929. Elberfeld had a Jewish population by the latter part of the 16th century – in 1593 every Jew had to contribute ten thalers for the defense of the town. An expulsion order of 1598 was carried out only half-heartedly. Sixty Jewish families were admitted in 1671. A new Judenordnung ("Jews' Statute")   was introduced into the duchy of Juelich in 1749, imposing a heavy tax burden. The yarnmakers of Elberfeld had always strenuously opposed Jewish settlement, and in 1794 all Jews were expelled from the town, returning when it was under French rule (1806–15). Their position then greatly improved. In 1808 there were nine Jewish families in the town, and 21 in 1818. A synagogue was built in 1865. In 1875 the number of Jews in Elberfeld was 813, growing to 1,104 in 1880; 1,705 in 1905; and 3,000 in 1932. The poet else lasker-schueler was born there. After the 1794 expulsion, Jews were admitted into Barmen under French rule; however, by 1877 there were no more than ten families in the town. The community numbered 584 in 1905, and 750 (0.33 percent of the total population) in 1926 (unchanged in 1933). The number of Jews in Wuppertal was approximately 3,500 (0.8 percent) in 1933, but had decreased to just over 1,000 in 1939, plus about 650 so-called Mischlinge (mixed Jews). In November 1938 the synagogues were destroyed and many Jewish inhabitants deported to dachau . Most of those who remained at the outbreak of war in 1939 perished in the Holocaust. A "branch" of the buchenwald concentration camp operated outside Wuppertal in 1942–43. A small Jewish congregation was re-established after 1945, numbering approximately 150 persons in 1967. The Jewish community numbered 82 in 1989 and 2,293 in 2004. The increase is explained by the immigration of Jews from the former Soviet Union. A new synagogue was consecrated in 2002. In 1994 a new cultural and educational center was opened in memory of the members of the Jewish community who were expelled and killed during the Nazi era. Built on the site of the destroyed synagogue in Elberfeld, it serves as a venue for exhibitions, lectures, and seminars. Wuppertal is the seat of the Else Lasker-Schueler Society, founded in 1990. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Jorde, Zur Geschichte der Juden in Wuppertal (1933); Monumenta Judaica, Handbuch (1963), index; K. Duewell, Die Rheingebiete in der Judenpolitik des Nationalsozialismus vor 1942 (1968), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Schnoering, Auschwitz begann in Wuppertal. Juedisches Schicksal unter dem Hakenkreuz (1981); P. Busmann, Auf den Schatten gebaut. Von der inneren zur aeusseren Entstehung der Begegnungsstaette Alte Synagoge Wuppertal (1996); U. Schrader and H. Jakobs, Ma Towu… Alte Gebetbuecher der Juedischen Kultusgemeinde Wuppertal (2000); L. Goldberg, Dies soll ein Haus des Gebets sein fuer alle Voelker (2002); T. Ahland and U. Schrader (eds.), Haus des Lebens. Der juedische Friedhof in Wuppertal-Barmen (2004). (Larissa Daemmig (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wuppertal — Wuppertal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wuppertal — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wuppertal — es una ciudad de Alemania, perteneciente al land de Renania del Norte Westfalia. * * * ► Ciudad del O de Alemania, estado de Renania Septentrional Westfalia; 378 312 h. * * * Ciudad (pob, est. 2002: 364.784 hab.) en el noroeste de Alemania. Está… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wuppertal — [voop′ər täl΄] city in the Ruhr Basin of North Rhine Westphalia, Germany: pop. 388,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Wuppertal — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wuppertal — Infobox German Location Art = City image photo = Wuppertal elberfeld klein p.jpg imagesize = image caption = Wuppertal Elberfeld Wappen = Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Wuppertal.png Wappengröße = lat deg = 51 | lat min = 16 | lat sec = 0 lon… …   Wikipedia

  • Wuppertal — /voop euhr tahl /, n. a city in North Rhine Westphalia, in W Germany, in the Ruhr Valley: formed by the union of Barmen, Elberfeld, and smaller communities 1929. 365,500. * * * City (pop, 2002 est.: 364,784), northwestern Germany. Located on the… …   Universalium

  • wuppertal — ˈvu̇pərˌtäl adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Wuppertal, Germany : of or from the city of Wuppertal, Germany : of the kind or style prevalent in Wuppertal …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wuppertal — Wụp|per|tal: Stadt an der Wupper. * * * Wụppertal,   kreisfreie Stadt in Nordrhein Westfalen, 100 135 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 369 000 Einwohner; das zentrale Stadtgebiet erstreckt sich über 17 km im engen Tal der tief in die Hochflächen des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wuppertal — Original name in latin Wuppertal Name in other language Boupertal, Gorad Vupertal , UWP, Vupertal, Vupertale, Vupertalis, Vupertle, Vuppertal, Vuppertal , Wupperdaal, Wuppertal, bupeotal, fwbrtal, vupartala, vuppataru, wu po ta er, wuph phe… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”